Traffic Penalty Tribunal

Glossary of Terms

Glossary A

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Adjudication

The process by which, at a personal, telephone or postal hearing, an Adjudicator from the Traffic Penalty Tribunal (the second and final statutory opportunity for a motorist to challenge a Penalty Charge Notice - PCN) decides the appeal either for the motorist - the appellant - or the council - the respondent. The decision of an Adjudicator is final and binding on both parties to an appeal.

Adjudicator

An independent lawyer - unconnected with any PCN-issuing council - who has practised for at least five years. Their appointment is sanctioned by the Lord Chancellor. Appointed for bus lanes under Regulation 11 of Part 5 of the Bus Lane Contraventions (Penalty Charge, Adjudication and Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2005 to consider appeals against Penalty Charge Notices issued under the terms of those Regulations.

Appeal

The act of referring a dispute concerning a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) (and possibly the towing-away or clamping of a vehicle) to an independent Adjudicator at the Traffic Penalty Tribunal. A motorist may only appeal after the council that issued the PCN has rejected formal representations - and appeals may only made on specified statutory grounds.

Appellant

The motorist or vehicle owner who receives a penalty and makes an appeal to the Traffic Penalty Tribunal.

Approved device

A device, such as a camera or a handheld computer/printer, that falls within any of the descriptions in Paragraph 2 of the Bus Lanes (Approved Devices) (England) Order 2005
(SI 2005 no 2756).

Authorisation Notice

The notice issued by a Civil Enforcement Officer to indicate that a vehicle already issued with a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) is to be towed away or clamped.

 

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