Traffic Penalty Tribunal

Glossary of Terms

Glossary A

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The process by which, at a personal, telephone or postal hearing, an Adjudicator from the Traffic Penalty Tribunal (the second and final statutory opportunity for a motorist to challenge a Penalty Charge Notice - PCN) decides the appeal either for the motorist - the appellant - or the council - the respondent. The decision of an Adjudicator is final and binding on both parties to an appeal.


An independent lawyer - unconnected with any PCN-issuing council - who has practised for at least five years. Their appointment is sanctioned by the Lord Chancellor. Appointed for bus lanes under Regulation 11 of Part 5 of the Bus Lane Contraventions (Penalty Charge, Adjudication and Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2005 to consider appeals against Penalty Charge Notices issued under the terms of those Regulations.


The act of referring a dispute concerning a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) (and possibly the towing-away or clamping of a vehicle) to an independent Adjudicator at the Traffic Penalty Tribunal. A motorist may only appeal after the council that issued the PCN has rejected formal representations - and appeals may only made on specified statutory grounds.


The motorist or vehicle owner who receives a penalty and makes an appeal to the Traffic Penalty Tribunal.

Approved device

A device, such as a camera or a handheld computer/printer, that falls within any of the descriptions in Paragraph 2 of the Bus Lanes (Approved Devices) (England) Order 2005
(SI 2005 no 2756).

Authorisation Notice

The notice issued by a Civil Enforcement Officer to indicate that a vehicle already issued with a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) is to be towed away or clamped.


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